Jaroslava Kelly

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  Around the World 2023

Around the World 2023 Summary

#16 Reading FC, Reading, UK

#17 Jan Neruda, Prague, Czech Republic

#18 Petřín, Prague, Czech Republic

#19 Prague, Czech Republic

#20 Windsor Castle, UK

#21 London, UK

#22 Emirates Stadium, London, UK

#23 České Budějovice, Czech Republic

#24 Vyšehrad, Prague, Czech Republic

#25 Bethlehem Chapel, Prague, Czech Republic

#26 Klementinum, Prague, Czech Republic

#27 Prague ZOO, Czech Republic

#28 Koněprusy caves, Czech Republic

#29 Štětice, Czech Republic

#30 Municipal Library of Prague, Czech Republic

#31 The Bohemian Forest, Czech Republic 

The Bohemian Forest - known in Czech as Šumava is a low mountain range in Central Europe. Geographically, the mountains extend from Plzeň Region and South Bohemia in the Czech Republic to Austria and Bavaria in Germany, and form the highest truncated uplands of the Bohemian Massif, up to 50 km wide. They create a natural border between the Czech Republic on one side and Germany and Austria on the other.

The central branch of the library is located in the centre of the city on Mariánské náměstí near the Old Town Square. The library has a total of 41 other branches located all over Prague. The foyer of the building has housed a column of 8,000 books since 1998.

Štětice is a small village located about 1.5 km south of Ražice in the Písek district. The village is famous for its stables where you can buy horse rides.

The Koněprus Caves are located in Central Bohemia, seven kilometres from the town of Beroun. They were discovered in 1950 and opened to the public in 1959. They were formed in Devonian limestone at 410 million years old. They are developed in three height levels to a depth of 70 metres. The total length exceeds 2 kilometres, with approximately 620 metres open to the public.

Prague Zoological Garden was opened in 1931 in the district of Troja in the north of Prague. In 2013, the zoo occupied 58 hectares (140 acres) with 50 hectares (120 acres) in use for exhibits, and housed around 5,000 animals from 676 species, including 132 species listed as threatened.

Klementinum, formerly a Jesuit college, is a large complex of Baroque buildings near Charles Bridge in Prague's Old Town. After Prague Castle, Klementinum is the second largest building complex in Prague. It is the seat of the National Library of the Czech Republic, which manages the complex, with the exception of the churches. It is one of the national cultural monuments of the Czech Republic.

In the Astronomical Tower, an observatory was established in 1751-52 on the initiative of the mathematician, physicist and astronomer Joseph Stepling. In addition to astronomy, the observatory also dealt with meteorology. Since 1 January 1784, temperatures have been measured here 3 times a day according to modern criteria, which is a valuable source of information for climatology on the state of weather and climate. Rainfall measurements were added in 1804. After World War II, the observatory was attached to the Czech Hydrometeorological Institute.

The Bethlehem Chapel, founded in 1391, was built between 1391 and 1394 and was intended for preaching in the Czech language. Master Jan Hus and other Hussite priests preached here.

Jan Hus (1370 Husinec - 6 July 1415 Kostnice) was a Roman Catholic priest, Czech medieval religious thinker, university teacher, reformer and preacher. In his religious writings, he criticized the moral decline in which the Catholic Church found itself. He was branded a heretic by the Catholic Church and was handed over to the secular authorities to be burned at the stake when he refused to recant his teachings. The day of Huss's burning, July 6, became a Czech national holiday.

Vyšehrad is a historic fort in Prague, Czech Republic, just over 3 km southeast of Prague Castle, on the east bank of the Vltava River. It was probably built in the 10th century. Inside the fort are the Basilica of St. Peter and St. Paul and the Vyšehrad Cemetery, containing the remains of many famous Czechs, such as Antonín Dvořák, Bedřich Smetana, Karel Čapek, and Alphonse Mucha. It also contains Prague's oldest Rotunda of St. Martin, from the 11th century.

České Budějovice is a city in South Bohemia, Czech Republic. It has about 96,000 inhabitants and is in the valley of the Vltava River, at its confluence with the Malše.

České Budějovice is the largest city in the region and its political and commercial capital, the seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of České Budějovice, the University of South Bohemia, and the Academy of Sciences. It is famous for the Budweiser Budvar Brewery. The historic city centre is well preserved and is protected by law as an cultural monument.

Arsenal Football Club is an English professional football club based in Islington, London. Arsenal play in the Premier League, the top flight of English football. The club has won 13 league titles (including one unbeaten title), a record 14 FA Cups, two League Cups, 16 FA Community Shields, one European Cup Winners' Cup, and one Inter-Cities Fairs Cup. In terms of trophies won, it is the third-most successful club in English football.

In 1886, munitions workers at the Royal Arsenal in Woolwich founded the club as Dial Square. In 1913 the club crossed the city to Arsenal Stadium in Highbury, becoming close neighbours of Tottenham Hotspur, and creating the North London derby. In 2006, they moved to the nearby Emirates Stadium.

London Eye is Europe's tallest cantilevered observation wheel. The structure is 135 metres tall and the wheel has a diameter of 120 metres. When it opened to the public in 2000 it was the world's tallest Ferris wheel.

Big Ben is the nickname for the Great Bell of the Great Clock of Westminster. The tower was designed by Augustus Pugin in a neo-Gothic style. When completed in 1859, its clock was the largest and most accurate four-faced striking and chiming clock in the world. The tower stands 96 m tall, and the climb from ground level to the belfry is 334 steps. Its base is square, measuring 12 m on each side. Dials of the clock are 6.9 m in diameter. 

Westminster Abbey is an Anglican church in the City of Westminster, London, England. Since 1066, it has been the location of the coronations of 39 English and British monarchs, and a burial site for 18 English, Scottish and British monarchs. At least 16 royal weddings have occurred at the abbey since 1100. Last Saturday, 6th May 2023, the coronation of King Charles III took place here.

Buckingham Palace is a London royal residence and the administrative headquarters of the monarch of the United Kingdom.

Windsor Castle is a royal residence in Windsor, Berkshire, England, just 30 kilometres from London. It is strongly associated with the English and subsequently the British royal family and embodies nearly 1,000 years of architectural history. It is the second largest (after Prague Castle) inhabited castle in the world.

The castle complex is open to the public and visitors can get virtually everywhere. Sightseeing itineraries include the lavish and spacious State Apartments with gilded furniture and thousands of paintings illustrating Britain's rich history.

In the lower courtyard is St. George's Chapel. It was built between 1475 and 1528 and is one of the finest examples of late Gothic architecture in England. It measures 55.5 metres long and 9 metres wide. It is used for ceremonies and can seat up to 162 royal guests. It is decorated with the coats of arms of all the Knights of the Garter, which was founded in 1348. It is the site of many royal weddings and funerals.

Prague Castle is a castle complex in Prague 1 within Prague, built in the 9th century. It is the official office of the President of the Czech Republic. The castle was a seat of power for kings of Bohemia, Holy Roman emperors, and presidents of Czechoslovakia. The Bohemian Crown Jewels are kept within a hidden room inside it. According to the Guinness Book of Records, Prague Castle is the largest ancient castle in the world.

Charles Bridge is a medieval stone arch bridge that crosses the Vltava river in Prague. Its construction started in 1357 under the auspices of King Charles IV, and finished in the early 15th century.

An astronomical clock – located at Old Town Square, is a clock with special mechanisms and dials to display astronomical information, such as the relative positions of the Sun, Moon, zodiacal constellations, and sometimes major planets.

Wenceslas Square is one of the main city squares and the centre of the business and cultural communities in the New Town of Praguec. Many historical events occurred there, and it is a traditional setting for demonstrations, celebrations, and other public gatherings. It is also the place with the busiest pedestrian traffic in the whole country. The square is named after Saint Wenceslas, the patron saint of Bohemia.

Petřín is a hill in the centre of Prague. It rises 327 m above sea level and some 130 m above the left bank of the Vltava River. The hill, almost entirely covered with parks, is a favourite recreational area for the inhabitants of Prague.

The chronicler Cosmas describes Petřín as a very rocky place, the hill is allegedly called Petřín because of the large number of rocks (Latin petra). Since ancient times, stones were dug and were used to construct buildings in Prague. The Petřín Lookout Tower, which strongly resembles the Eiffel Tower, was built atop a hill in 1891.

Jan Neruda (9.7.1834 - 22.8.1891) was a Czech poet, prose writer, journalist, playwright, literary and theatre critic, a leading figure of the May generation. He was born in Prague's Malá Strana district.

He graduated from the Grammar School in 1853. He tried to study law at the Faculty of Law and Philosophy but he failed.

Neruda was a loner and an introvert and never married although he had a few loves. He was a friend of composer Bedřich Smetana.

The photo shows the house in Prague where Jan Neruda lived.

Throughout his life, the poet was accompanied by material hardship, although he was an extremely prolific and respected journalist. He wrote a feuilleton once a week for Narodní listy, worked as a theatre reporter and literary critic, and edited several popular and educational magazines.

Reading Football Club is a professional football club based in Reading formed on 25 December 1871, Berkshire, England. The team play in the Championship, the second tier of the English football league system. Reading are nicknamed The Royals, due to Reading's location in the Royal County of Berkshire.

The club played at Elm Park for 102 years, from 1896 to 1998. In 1998, the club moved to the new Madejski Stadium, which is named after the club's former chairman Sir John Madejski. In 2021, the club announced that the ground would be known as the Select Car Leasing Stadium for the subsequent decade for sponsorship reasons.